The University of California, Berkeley (UC Berkeley, Berkeley, Cal, or California), is a public land-grant research university in Berkeley, California. It was established in 1868 and is the state's first land-grant university. It is a founding member of the Association of American Universities and is the founding campus of the University of California system. Berkeley has the most top-ranked departments nationally and is one of the highest-ranked universities worldwide. It also has a startup incubator (Berkeley SkyDeck) which promotes high-tech entrepreneurship and produces multiple venture capital-backed entrepreneurs with more startup companies being founded than any other university.
Berkeley is classified among "R1: Doctoral Universities—Very high research activity".